The movement in the ice – secrets of driving
Winter is probably the worst enemy for motorists. It is only in winter drivers have a lot of problems, starting with a frozen engine and ending with a more serious problem – the movement in the ice. And only to the frost season has not won an austere character, you have to prepare for winter in advance, setting their vehicles winter tires.
Even well-prepared for winter driving, the car will not fully protect you from unforeseen situations. The worst thing that can happen is a loss of traction when the roads are icy, because most drivers start to panic and lose control. It is very important in such situations to keep everything under control.
In icy conditions it is important to use the brake pedal. In any case, cannot be impetuous to push down on the pedal in the expectation that the car will stop, on the contrary, you completely lose control. In this case, you need to be able to combine engine braking and sharp intermittent pressing on the brake pedal. Only in this way can achieve the desired result is to throw off speed without losing control. When braking is also not recommended to operate the wheel – this rule applies to dry asphalt, and as for black ice, and even more.
How to choose tires for driving in icy conditions
In the winter, especially in the icy grip of tires with the road leaves much to be desired. Not to get into a bad situation, please select the right tyres. Most motorists are of the opinion that the larger the value of the tread on the tires, the better kept the car on the ice. But motorists are not considered – this is very misleading. Here the best option is the bus with a small, but fairly intense tread pattern.
But even with such tires is not excluded emergency. The fact is that choosing these tires, the coefficient of friction with ice cannot completely ensure the safety of the car and the driver. If normal drive turned into a slide on ice, the coefficient of friction is reduced approximately in half. If wheels lock, the vehicle becomes uncontrollable and doesn’t react to movements of the steering wheel. And that’s why the best option for winter roads is studded tires.
Riding with the obstacle or how to drive in icy conditions
The car in the ice can be quite unmanageable for any driver. After all, even a professional driver is unable to control his “iron horse” in this period. And that is why you need to follow some tips to control the vehicle, which will help to cope with the difficult situation in the winter.
The preparation of the car
Preparing the car for winter is a very important stage. The most important thing when preparing the car for the winter period is to change the tires from summer to winter. It is recommended to put winter tires when the temperature does not rise above +70C. In addition to tires, you need to prepare and other details. Before leaving for winter it is important to clean all automotive elements from snow, from mirrors and finishing the hood.
Do not forget about lighting devices, which are especially important in the winter season.
The correct position
Not rarely on the road, you can see the reckless driver who is trying to demonstrate your driving skills with one hand. Driving in icy conditions implies care and attention, therefore, to show who, on that much to anything. Drivers who are negligent care, the most frequently exposed to emergency situations. Not to get into a situation that could somehow be confusing, you must right away get in the car. First, hands on the wheel should be positioned so that the thumbs were resting on the rim of the steering wheel, so you can better feel the car. The correct one should be position – leaning back slightly in his seat, you must stretch your arms forward, the distance to the steering wheel must be small to be comfortable.
Change driving style
In the winter you need to compulsorily change the driving style. Management of the “iron” horse in the ice must be very different from riding any other time of the year. There are many ways that allow us to understand how to drive in icy conditions.
1. The danger of “rolling”
Quite a frequent occurrence for an accident is considered coasting down. The roll is considered to be quite a dangerous opponent on the road. Winter riding coasting is generally not recommended, because the drive wheels must be present draft stock. Otherwise, the machine is doomed to drift the rear or front axle. If this happens, in any case, do not push the brake pedal, or you may cause wheel lockup. If this happens, you must immediately come out of the situation. Need to smoothly release the brake, squeeze the clutch and enable a lower gear. And by changing the pressure on the gas pedal to get the car under control.The wheel lock can occur even in the case when riding coasting the driver starts to brake.
2. Handbrake for extreme
The hand brake is often used by race car drivers who need high speed to enter the sharp 900 rotation. In ordinary life, the hand brake may also be useful in emergency situations. To learn how to use handbrake, you need to choose a quiet place where no other cars to avoid accidents. For large bend enough so the rear wheels of the car went a little sideways. For same steep turns the handbrake needs to hold longer. Such a rule suitable for vehicles with automatic transmission, as well as for cars with front wheel drive.
3. “Grip” for the clutch
The clutch is designed not only to change gears but also to prevent accidents. For example, the juice clutch prevents proshlifovat main-driving wheels in the beginning of movement on the slippery road. When skidding of the machine, when the rear begins to overtake the front, it is necessary for a short period off the clutch, which will help reduce spin. If in a particular case, you need to slow down, and it is valid only when using engine braking, the clutch will allow you to seamlessly include a lower gear.
4. The displacement of the hull
Another way out of an unpleasant situation in icy conditions is a rotation of rear offset. But this is only suitable for cars with front wheel drive.
Once in the turn, the motorist begins to slow down and twisted the steering wheel in the opposite corner. When the car starts to get across the road, you need to smoothly take your foot off the brake and deploy the steering wheel in the other direction. After that, almost no need to work the wheel, you need to let go of the car in a skid by adjusting the flow of gas slippage of the drive wheels. After the car passed the turn, you can stop the skid, squeeze the clutch pedal.
5. The left.
In this way, as the left. racers often use, both in winter and in summer. This concept is interpreted as the shift of gears from high to low with increasing speed. This allows to avoid strong deterrence wheel axle, and therefore inevitable and failure in the slip.
On the slippery site, you need to squeeze the clutch and gradually switch to neutral gear, then take your foot off the clutch. After that click on the moment the throttle, squeeze the clutch and include a lower gear, then release the clutch. Consistently go through the gears with a higher up first, you can slow down the speed of the machine down to a halt even on a slippery road.
6. “Tenderness” management
Only in the winter time the vehicle must be managed very carefully and tenderly. The smoothness has to be all from the control of the steering wheel and to brake. Because in the winter you can get to the ice, where very important to smoothly operate the machine.
The drivers need to remember how redistributes the weight of the vehicle with rear wheel drive – throwing off speed, the front of the car is loaded, so the front of the car will be lowered and, therefore, grip the rear will deteriorate. To cope with this problem will help fast work the steering wheel. This is the only time you need to be quick and sharpness. When the machine is aligned in the direction of the skid, you need to instantly turn the wheel in the opposite direction. These movements should be taken immediately, otherwise the vehicle can get into a rhythm and pull the car out of the skid will be hard enough.
To listen to the advice and recommendations of only a small part of what can be done. Because theoretical knowledge will not protect against unforeseen circumstances. Of course, such knowledge is necessary and very important, but still not enough. In order to consolidate their knowledge, it would be nice to visit the driving school, where the instructors tell, show and teach riding in the winter.
Video about the rules of driving in icy conditions